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Home News + Politics Landlord tries to justify evicting 100-year-old

Landlord tries to justify evicting 100-year-old

Isn't a human life worth more than a condo conversion?

Iris Canada died shortly after being evicted

Iris Canada’s story has been in the media a lot in the past six months, ever since that afternoon in March when her niece, Iris Merriouns, walked into the office of the Housing Rights Committee for help.

Iris Canada's landlord is trying to justify her eviction
Iris Canada’s landlord is trying to justify her eviction

Canada, who just turned 100 in July, was only five or six days short of the sheriff evicting her from the Western Addition apartment where she’d lived for half a century. It’s thanks to the work of HRCSF, Homeless Advocacy Project, Senior and Disability Action, and her lawyer Dennis Zaragoza, among others, that her eviction has been delayed this long.

At this moment, she has a temporary court stay keeping her in her apartment, but she could be evicted in the coming weeks.

If you’ve recently emailed Peter Owens, one of three owners of her unit, to ask that he and his partners not evict her, you may have received a form letter stating that “we, too, share a deep and abiding concern for Iris Canada’s welfare—we always have.”

That’s a surprise to me, considering that he’s spent a hell of a lot of money (more than $150,000, according to what his attorneys filed in court) and time trying to evict her from her home. Owens claims that in 2002 when he bought the six-unit building and proceeded to serve an Ellis Act notice to all of the tenants, “we granted her, completely voluntarily and free of charge, a Life Estate right to live out her life in her large 2 BR flat for $700/month because it was the right thing to do. We have never wavered from that commitment.”

48hills emailed Owens to get a clarification: He and his partners did, indeed, file Ellis Act notices to evict all of the tenants, including Canada, right? His response:

Evicting Iris Canada was perfectly within our legal rights. There was no legal basis (for) “fighting” the eviction. So long as we followed the proper procedures, there was nothing she could to prevent it. There was no downstream penalty for evicting a protected tenant at that time (that came several years later).

The plain truth is we did not want to evict her. We acted voluntarily and unilaterally to find a work around to the required Ellis Act termination of tenancy rights that would allow her to stay. We instructed our attorneys to find an alternative. The alternative they came up with was the Life Estate. Her attorney was receptive (to) the idea. There was no settlement. There was the execution of the Life Estate in lieu (of) evicting her.”

Actually, that’s not how her attorney remembers it. Steve Collier of the Tenderloin Housing Clinic represented Canada when she got the Ellis notice. The landlords may have been “within their legal rights,” but Collier had a lot of experience in this area, and knew how to fight Ellis evictions. At the very least, a good lawyer can make an Ellis eviction painful and expensive, and sometimes, can block it for years.

Collier told 48 Hills that the life estate was, in fact, part of “a settlement of an Ellis eviction,” not something unilaterally done by the landlords. If Owens had promised her a life estate from the start, why would she have gone and gotten a tenant lawyer with experience fighting Ellis evictions to represent her?

The other tenants in the building weren’t as lucky. They got booted out.

If he never wavered from his commitment to Iris Canada, then why did Peter Owens go into court two years ago to kick her out after she refused to sign condo conversion papers that would allow him and the TIC owners to substantially increase the value of their units?

Owens says that Canada violated the life estate by moving out of the unit in 2012. According to her niece, she was out of the unit for a time. She suffered some health problems and was hospitalized. She also spent time visiting relatives. Which is her right. Any claim that she hasn’t lived in her unit seems disingenuous at best: the past two years of litigation has been about her refusal to sign condo conversion papers.

The TIC owners are pressuring Owens for a conversion, because it gives them a fixed mortgage rate instead of one that can go up at any time. With the added value to their property, they could sell at a profit. We are told that Canada is blocking these folks from exercising some sort of right to convert.

But there’s no guarantee when you buy a TIC that you will ever get a condo conversion permit. TICs are risky business. Owners know that when they buy them. Iris Canada has no legal obligation to sign on to a conversion or help TIC owners make a profit. Yet it seems she is being evicted for just that.

Owens claims that Merriouns wants to acquire the unit for herself or her family. According to Owens, that’s why, in the attempted negotiations over the past couple months, Merriouns insisted on a right of first refusal for her aunt.

The right of first refusal is guaranteed to existing tenants under our condo conversion law. Why shouldn’t Iris Canada have it? Why shouldn’t an African American family that has decades-long roots in the neighborhood, unlike Owens (who doesn’t even live in the city) and his partners, have a right of first refusal?

Redevelopment’s destruction of Canada’s neighborhood, once hailed as the “Harlem of the West,” and its displacement of a huge part of its African American community is a shameful chapter in this city’s history. These days, the city’s black population is down to 3%.

Owens and his partners may not be responsible for that, but they have contributed to the gentrification of the neighborhood by evicting those tenants in 2002 and selling their units as TICs. Converting those units to condos not only endangers their rent control status (at this point, they’re still protected under our rent ordinance, should they ever be rented out again), it also increases property values, which brings up rents and gives landlords in the area more incentive to push out any long-term tenants.

If Owens truly cares about Iris Canada, he’ll drop this eviction and let her live her remaining years in peace. The condo conversion can wait.

Judging by the fact that news of another sheriff’s notice recently sent her into the emergency room, any attempt to displace her from her home could negatively impact her health, even kill her. A human life is more important than a condo conversion.


  1. How many ADUs have been approved? I am grateful that in my RH-1(D) neighborhood they are not allowed. It is true about removal of in-laws. In my neighborhood young families with children are moving in and incorporating their illegal in-laws into the main house. Most were not rented out anyway.

  2. “less than 1% of rentals are converted each year”

    Well, officially yes (Ellis & OMI). However, more units are converted via legal condos (duplexes), removal of ‘in-laws’, and TIC of larger bldgs. Still, even if those numbers doubled or tripled the ‘official’ rate, that is still only 2-3%.

    Peskin & the Progs have seemed to have found a way around the decline in rent controlled units though – ADUs. Can they create 2000+units/yr? Maybe. Probably the safer bet is to wait for changes to Costa Hawkins as CA becomes more of a one-party state.

  3. Iris’s niece and legal counsel should be ashamed of themselves. The niece is just trying to get the right of first refusal so she can buy the place and the lawyer is creating a controversy where there shouldn’t be one simply so we can have a headline grabbing story about the poor 100 year old getting evicted by evil landlords. Neither is working in Iris’s best interest.

    The landlord gave her a lifetime lease at $700. They didn’t have to, but they didn’t want to be a–holes. Don’t turn around and be an a–hole by refusing to sign the conversion papers which have ZERO impact on Iris.

    Moral of the story, no good deed goes unpunished. Next time, don’t have a heart and Ellis evict when you had the chance.

  4. Increased property values do provide an incentive to Ellis evict long term tenants with rent control. It makes economic sense. And converting rentals to owner occupied may be good for the neighborhood and the City. It provides ownership opportunities for those entering the market who could not otherwise afford to own. However, less than 1% of rentals are converted each year. The numbers are not significant. Too bad, because more owners would be a good thing.

  5. The Black population is down to 5.7% not 3%. And that decline has more to do with normal migration patterns and trends than gentrification. See the “Second Great Migration.” After redevelopment did its thing in the Fillmore the SF Black population continued to increase before it started to decline after 1970.

  6. This is the third or fourth rehash of this case. The poor women’s family obviously has a stake in this. Monetary gain anticipated.

  7. While not a fan of the government getting involved in anything. It seems warranted the landlord be forced to put his development plans on hold until the passing of this woman.
    Realistically that should take no more than 10 years, that being said at that time he should be able to sue the government for the lost revenue during the time it takes for her passing.

    A morbid and tragic story.

  8. Yes, why would she consult a lawyer when her landlord offered her a complicated deal in the midst of a conversion.

    >”What harm is there to her in signing the papers? I think Iris is just a pawn in a nasty game.”

    I think we’re supposed to believe that she wants to buy the unit using her social security payments. She probably plans to flip it in 5-10 years.

  9. “why would she have gone and gotten a tenant lawyer with experience fighting Ellis evictions to represent her?”

    … umm, because it was free? (to her, paid for by the taxpayers)

    So let me see – she signs the papers and the eviction goes away. She doesn’t sign the papers – wanting to inconvenience a bunch of other people – and she in turn is inconvenienced? Makes sense.

    What harm is there to her in signing the papers? I think Iris is just a pawn in a nasty game.

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