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Saturday, September 25, 2021

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News + PoliticsTransportationFree Muni moves a step forward -- but Breed wants to block...

Free Muni moves a step forward — but Breed wants to block it

Supes agree to pilot plan after remarkable debate reflecting class and race issues.


San Francisco moved a step closer Tuesday to a policy that’s been a dream of transit justice advocates for decades: Free Muni.

It wasn’t easy.

And now the mayor wants to block it.

Sup. Dean Preston has proposed a pilot project that would fund free Muni for all San Franciscans between July and September. It’s not that expensive (by city-budget standards): The cost would run about $13 million.

Free Muni may be in place by summer.

That’s in part because Muni is running way below capacity right now, and as the pandemic eases, everyone expects that ridership will return only slowly.

But Preston said that’s part of the point: Anything the city can do to get people back on Muni right now is going to be positive.

The measure passed, 7-4, after some remarkable discussion. Among the issues: the SFMTA board might just decide to defy the supes and not spend the money, just as Mayor London Breed refused to spend money on hotel rooms for the homeless.

So Breed, who controls the SFMTA Board, could make sure this never happens. Which is what she plans to do.

But there was much more to the debate, including a rather stunning discussion about whether a $3 fare discourages some people from riding the bus.

Sup. Catherine Stefani, who represents a district with few low-income people and a lot of rich people, actually said that “fares are not a big reason that people avoid transit.”

There’s a lot of academic research on this. It’s really complicated stuff with detailed mathematical models looking at what economists call the “price elasticity of demand” – that is, how many people will stop using a service when the price goes up.

There’s no agreement among economists (go figure!) about the actual elasticity numbers, but pretty much everyone agrees that there is such a thing – that when you raise fares, some people stop riding. (We used to use a rule that said every three percent fare hike leads to a one percent drop in ridership, but that’s changing, and transit situations are different all over the world, so it’s hard to pin down.)

And while the $3 may not be an issue for a lot of Marina and Pacific Heights residents, Sup. Shamann Walton said that Stefani’s argument was out of touch with the reality of many SF residents.

“This a big deal for people with no means,” he said. “Money for Muni fare means a lot if you are making minimum wage.”

Sup. Hillary Ronen pointed out that the ridership of many of the bus lines in her districts (the Mission and Portola) is overwhelmingly people of color, who are overwhelmingly targeted by fare inspectors, who cite and fine them, burdening them with fees they can’t pay and dragging them into the criminal justice system.

So this isn’t just a transit issue – it’s an equity issue.

Sup. Rafael Mandelman opposed the pilot project, saying that “this is not a good way to spend money.” He talked about all of the longstanding issues facing Muni, including the lack of service, buses that don’t stop for passengers, and the fact that the city needs a long-term plan to fund Muni at a level that everyone agrees we need.

The money, he said, could be used for other things, like supportive housing and more Muni drivers. “We really need to talk about the tradeoffs in the budget,” he said.

Walton: “We spend money in this city on a lot of things. We spend millions of dollars on incarcerating people.”

Sup. Myrna Melgar said that the MTA “doesn’t have the staff to bring the system back to pre-pandemic levels.” Some key light-rail routes on the West Side of town are still not running, she said, and free Muni means nothing if there’s no train to ride.

Walton said that Muni should be able to restore service – and use the supplemental money (which would be in addition to the current Muni budget) to see if a three-month experiment with no fares would work.

“I can’t accept that the SFMTA says we can’t do it,” he said. “We need to stop making excuses for people who make hundreds of thousands of dollars a year.”

The four supes who voted No were Mandelman, Stefani, Melgar, and Ahsha Safai.

This isn’t, Preston noted, a long-term plan for free Muni. It’s just a short-term trial. And the mayor may veto it. But for people who have called for transit justice for decades, it’s a big step.

Tim Redmond
Tim Redmond has been a political and investigative reporter in San Francisco for more than 30 years. He spent much of that time as executive editor of the Bay Guardian. He is the founder of 48hills.
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  1. Uh, Howard, didn’t you get the memo? Your side lost. Majorly. Trump is facing likely serious charges, the Republicans have dug another grave by trying to block the inquiry into 1/6. And here you are calling people “Socialists” because they want to help people recover from the effects of the pandemic…well the ones who survived.

  2. “trasit justice”?? Seriously. What about “tax-payer justice?” SF taxpayers are overtaxed as is. We don’t need and can’t afford more social programe. Socialist Preston has never seen someone elese’s money he didn’t want to confiscate and waste. The Muni has a program that gives a free Clipper Card for low income people.

  3. As a matter of racial and economic justice, and environmental policy MUNI should be free – paid for by progressive tax measures. Improve service to accommodate the increased ridership and make SF a more livable city. However, I would like to see some research or info about how this summer program will impact MUNI funding and revenue. Any plan for free MUNI that results in service cuts or layoffs would be self-defeating and unjust.

  4. Apologies my last comment auto posted before I could make my key point in my mayoral diatribe.
    3) Free Muni initiative see this news article. (Muni does not give race or ethnic ridership breakdown but we all understand that it provides a vital service to our low income residents who are primarily black and brown.)
    These key acts by Mayor Breed leads me to ask, “Is Mayor Breed a racist against her own community?” and
    “Does Mayor Breed only back proposals that will deliver money and political capital to her personally from key benefactors like developers and corporations in San Francisco?”
    I understand that coming from a white man this will be viewed by some as a controversial question. But I am using my white entitlement and advantages provided by our society to ask these controversial questions that my black, brown and disenfranchised neighbors, friend and family just may not be able to due to the racist climate this country continues to perpetuate.

  5. Mayor Breed once again abandons the black, brown and disenfranchised people of San Francisco ( her “community”) in not championing the free Muni initiative.
    Her actual actions speaks louder than her hollow words about supporting “all” San Francisco residents.
    Let’s tally up the recent score card shall we:
    1) refused to put our homeless neighbors in hotel rooms during the height of the covid outbreaks even though the feds, state and city provide all the financial needs to do so. The Supes voted unanimously twice to urge her to do so and she just flat out refused. (40+% of our homeless neighbors are black another 18+% are Hispanic).
    2) refuses to mediate funding roadblock between the City and City College (land dispute -sell or lease city owned land to SF City College for new Bayview site) that would immediately alleviate the emergency financial issues for City College and allow them to develop and implement a long-term funding plan. (95% of the total student population in non-white – 29+% are black and brown).
    3) Free Muni initiative see this news article. (Muni does not give race or ethnic ridership breakdown but we all understand that

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